Mansehra – Need Base Assessment Report  (Replication of E-guard Model)

Need Base Assessment Report (Replication of E-guard Model)
September 17, 2011
G-15 (Islamabad)
April 13, 2012
Show all

Mansehra – Need Base Assessment Report  (Replication of E-guard Model)


Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa is province of Pakistan. It is very near to Abbott bad city. It is a major stop for tourists on the Karakoram Highway which leads to China. It is also a major transit point to the northern areas and locations such as the Kaghan Valley, Naran, Shogran, Lake Saiful Mulook and Babusar Top. Total population of the city is 17 lac 50 thousand. In 2005 city divided into 04 different zones

AHKMT conducted need base assessment in Mansehra from 6-7 oct 2011.during the assessment visit 03 different settlements and slums.

Meeting with Supervisor

Ms. Yasmeen Afridi is supervisor of Mansehra discuss the different settlements of Mansehra after that she discuss in detail about the city and infrastructure. Team Visited city in supervision of the supervisor.

Community survey

Community survey conducted in 03 different areas

  1. Afghan refugees camp (Barery)
  2. Kohistan colony
  3. Kashmiri Mohallah

Afghan refugee’s camp (Barery)

In Afghan Refugees camp (12707 population) socio economic back ground is very low community is suffering in very bad condition of solid waste management. They want to appoint the service but without any service charges. The other houses situated in the same area are little better and aware. They have to appoint the sanitary worker and willing to pay charges.05 households randomly selected for interview in the survey according to Refugees waste inside the houses is biggest problem but outside is not their problem. Government has to focus on this because they do not have the right to build concrete houses etc. so they are like guest in Pakistan. In camp households just throwing their waste in streets. All the streets are unpaved. Drains are open. Heaps are around everywhere. Females are washing clothes in nullah with dirty water. Children are playing on the same nullah with mud and sand. Waste is all around .nobody have the concern on this. Clothes, shoes and utensils are visible in the nullah and heaps. There is no concept of Segregation on household level. Even illegal slaughtering is also very common butchers abattoir the buffaloes on main streets or roads. They throw their waste, blood etc on the road.

Other households which are residential of the city but living in the same are willing to appoint the services of solid waste management services on primary level. They are willing to pay the charges against of the SWM services.

Kohistan colony

All the households are almost migrated from Kohistan or different areas. Drains are open streets are unpaved. Poor community is living there. In Kohistan colony there is a big Nullah community throws their waste in it some of them burn their waste. During the survey AHKMT Team filled the questionnaire. As well there is no concept of segregation. Community is very perturbed on the problem of solid waste miss handling.but not agree to avail on the any kind of facilitation on against of charges. All the expecting that it is duty of govt.

Kashmiri Bazar Mohalla                                                                                                

In Kashmiri Mohallah there are a lot of heaps on lamp poles as well on streets and lanes. Community is belongs to middle and lower middle class. Some of the area is commercial but inside a large no of household are living. Community is aware and wants to adopt the services. Private practice is taking place in the area. Community appoint the Afghan children for throwing of waste (these children throwing their waste into main streets) and pay them 05-10 rupees a day or lunch etc. in some places small containers are available but they are not much to meet the need of waste production of the area.

Mansehra Survey Forms Analysis

  • Households Members

Most of the people are above 18 years, however below the 18 years are limited as shown in the following chart.

  • Diseases occurring in the community

Most of the people are involve in allergy. However, malaria is also on the peak. Loose motion, swelled stomach, dysentery, gastro are normal disease here. Other diseases are flue, cough, BP, fever, kidney, blood weakness.

  • Waste bin in the houses

56% are not using the waste bin and 44% are using the waste bin. 39% are empty their many times in a day and 57% empty their bin daily. Mostly the young girls say 33% throw the garbage out side and 28% house where sweeper come and collect the garbage. Rest, 16% young boys and 11% household lady also throw the garbage outside.

  • Disposal of the waste

56% people throw the waste in street lane. Sweeper is very limited in the community. People are not using the Govt. dustbin. Some people burn the waste which becoming the environment pollution. 28% are throwing the waste in open plot. The Government and private sweeper are only 6 out of 18 and  rest 12 houses which we visited no sweeper either private or Govt. exist.

  • Segregation and disposal of the waste

Only 33% people are segregating the waste. They don’t like to segregate the waste. They are unaware the segregation process and its importance.  Only 22% sell the waste e.g. paper, plastic, glass etc. 23% which sold out the waste are getting Rs. 50-100 per month. The disposal point is on footstep for 27% of the people, however 33% for a distance of 3 minutes and some for a distance of 5 minutes.

  • Mechanism of disposal of the waste

Kitchen Waste: Most of the people throw the kitchen waste outside and some of them give it to their animals.

Bones: Throw outside or some sale it or sometime sweeper take away.

Glass: Throw outside or some sale it.

Newspaper/Paper/Books: Most of the people sale it, some throw it and some handover to sweeper.

Plastic: Most of the people sale it or throw outside.

Dry Bread: Mostly used by animals.

Grass/Leaps: Throw outside

Animal Waste: Throw outside

Iron/Brass: Mostly sale out

Combed hair: Throw in graveyard, some in the hole at house, tie with tree, some buried it and some put in the shopping bags and then throw in water.

  • Kitchen Gardening

People are unfamiliar about kitchen gardening or they are not interested in it. Only, 17% people are involve in the process of kitchen gardening.

  • Committee for dealing with solid waste issues

There is no committee in the community to solve the solid waste problems.

  • Satisfaction with the current system

Most of the people are not satisfied with the current system in their community as shown in the below chart.

  • Disposal of the waste

Most of the people are unfamiliar regarding the waste disposal.

  • Suggestions for better solid waste management
  • Government should play his role.
  • TMA must arrange the dustbin.
  • Cleanliness is necessary for healthy environment.
  • Containers must be large and clean daily.
  • Waste should be collected from the houses.
  • Appropriate time of a day for a vehicle to come and collect waste

Mostly people are wanted to come and collect waste at early morning however daytime is also considerable time for collecting waste.

  • What kind of vehicle can collect waste from you locality?

People prefer small cart for as a vehicle to collect waste.

  • Kind of latrine in house

44% people are using septic tank, 17% are using pit latrine, 11% are using sewerage lane.  65% latrines are connected with the sewerage lane and only 35% are connected with the sewerage lane. 71% of the sewerage lane is not laid in the street.

Avail the service on door step

82% are wanted to avail the service of solid waste management and will to pay less than Rs. 100 per month. Mostly, we seen the heaps of waste scattered here and there.

System of drainage and sewerage

There is open drainage system is 61%. 22% have underground sewerage system and other have no system.

Special Observation

The whole community waste is going to dumping at open places, streets and drains. Such waste is going into nullah where its reached at the point where safe drinking water is uplift.


AHKMT Team meets with Mr. Barkat ullah Khattak (TMO). He demanded 03 tractor trolleys and 06 workers with the salary of 03 years. After the detail introduction of organization he calls the relevant officers and sanitary Incharge Mr. Asif. Mr. Khattak is vey amaze to AHKMT work.  He discuss the details of resources, land fill side, secondary collection etc.

  • Land fill side is so far
  • It is not established because newly hired
  • Waste dumping from city into dumping side is such an expensive and time taking which is cause of wastage of fuel
  • Total 64 dumping points are assign almost 54 are cleaned daily and 10 are left for next day
  • Primary collection is also issue of the city
  • Lack of resources
  • Political influence is major problem some of the politician are pressurize to not providing the services where the opposition is in majority for creating impression
  • Shortage of man power
  • Awareness of community
  • Untrained staff


  • TMO suggest that start pilot in Kashmir mohalla (kasmiri mohallah have sub mohallas like Kangar, Bahadur khan, Ayub khan etc) which very congested area
  • He is willing to sign MOU with permission of DCO
  • Help AHKMT in coordination with DCO

Mr. Asif gives details about their resources.

  • 140 strength of Sanitation staff 70 are Sanitary workers
  • 64 assign containers
  • 70 unassigned small dumping points
  • 05 Tractor
  • 70 Carts in use 40 in store room
  • Expenses for 2009-10 is 151179000
  • Budget for 2009-10 is 123370000
  • Focus areas
  • Tngri Road
  • Chakyal road
  • Adubandy Road


  • Neglected Areas
  • Madina colony
  • Faiz town
  • Jandar bandy
  • Kohistan colony
  • Chakrialy
  • Sadiq abad


Mansehra city have not a separate WASA department it is working in the supervision of Municipal Administration. Team meet with Mr. Malik Shafiq ur Rehman ESI (electrical supervisor Incharge water supply) he said Supply of Drinking water is less then demand infrastructure is totally damage. nobody take attention on searching of new water sources.

In 2008 Northern urban project installed 05 tube wells  boosting collection system installed in Nullah Filteration plant erect. Unfortunately transformers were theft and work of laying lines were uncompleted. Filtration plant is not functional because consultant was appoint from foreign. Nobody take advice from local potential so all the investment is waste and we are facing water issues.

Procurator of sewerage system explains the details total 25% sewerage system is available in whole city.  Many international and national NGO’s work over there but no one touch the issue of sewerage lines. Usually drain covers are damaged or theft so community throwing their waste into holes. We have no budget for sewerage lines.

Sewrage Details

City1:-Mohalla khan bahadur,Mohalla Ayub khan,Mohalla Kangar

City2:-Nogazi,Upper jabry

City3:-Dub # 1,2 jinnah colony,Chanaee

City4:-Bara lal khan,lawar banda


Assistant Coordinating Officer

AHKMT Team meet with Mr. Ali Shehzad A.C.O in the absence of D.C.O. he explain that in Mansehra city we are facing crucial political influence. We are unable to do more for betterment of the city. Community is not aware about solid waste management system and disposes off. Have to sensitize the community first after that launches any kind of project. They will fully cooperate with AHKMT on regarding matter.


  • Mansehra need the sustainable project
  • Another organization is working in pera freeze we will create coordination between both
  • Pilot should be sustain after that handed over to community or any other
  • Select the area which is congested but community want to take services
  • We will sign MOU with AHKMT
  • Fully cooperate

EDO Health

AHKMT Team visited EDO Health office. But EDO Maj Sadiq ur Rehman was not available. Team meet with DDH Dr. Syed Ejaz shah he said 01 teaching hospital is working. inserators are available in every BHU and MHC. We are not producing much waste all the waste properly handled to save from health hazardous. Our focus areas are rural community. Total 850 LHW are working in entire district. they are providing the facility in 144 facility in curative sector.

Medical Supretendant

Mr. Niaz Muhammad is medical supretendant in DHQ Teaching hospital Mansehra. Hospital is producing almost 390kg per day. we have inserator which was installed an international NGO they run this almost a year after that we have no facility of fuel etc so inserator was not in use. In 2008 they convert this into gas but unfortunately due to lack of unskilled workers and shortage of man power they are not using the facility. Now a day’s hospital waste is jut dumping outside the gate municipality collects on daily bases.


  • Sensitize the community
  • TMA establish a recycling unit
  • Train the sanitary staff
  • Allocate the location for segregation


Scraper shares the purchase and sells rates during the interview

Sr. no Particles Purchase Sell
1 Copper 600 610
2 Paper 7 9
3 bottles 22 25
4 Black plastic 30 32
5 Iron 30 33
6 silver 110 115
7 Teen daba 22 25
8 Glassy 2 3
9 Bones 7 9
10 Wires 600 610
11 plastic Envelops 23 25

Dumping Side

Dumping side is very far from city (Lassa Thakral).on the side vehicles dump the waste in shape of huge heaps. Team noticed that due to waste there are a lot of fruit and vegetables (water melon, tomato, mint etc) are grown naturally.

Possibilities of work

  • MOU shall be sign with DCO
  • Pilot will be start with the help of CCB
  • TMA will implementation partner
  • Pilot can be start in kashmiri Mohalla
  • TMA will provide vehicles and dumping side
  • Waste can process on dumping side through Piles
  • Commercial waste can be manage on small scale


29 CCB’s which exist in the city and TMA is fund them can be involved in the pilot project in the supervision of DCO. Pilot will start in different parts of city with help of potential CCB’s.  TMA will provide them wheel barrows for starting of the project. Mobilization and coordination is needed on community and institutional level.