August 20, 2021


BACK GROUND The urban world is facing an immense environmental crisis of waste management, with plastic waste on top because of its multifaceted implications for the environment, water, life, oceans etc. The production of plastics (meaning pliable and easily shaped) started at the beginning of the 20th century with the discovery of polymers. These polymers were initially produced from natural sources like cellulose but now their main sources are fossil fuels rich in carbon compounds. . Now every second item around us is made of plastic, from personal use items like razors, cell phones to automobile parts, PET food containers, […]
October 7, 2011

Mansehra – Need Base Assessment Report  (Replication of E-guard Model)

Mansehra Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa is province of Pakistan. It is very near to Abbott bad city. It is a major stop for tourists on the Karakoram Highway which leads to China. It is also a major transit point to the northern areas and locations such as the Kaghan Valley, Naran, Shogran, Lake Saiful Mulook and Babusar Top. Total population of the city is 17 lac 50 thousand. In 2005 city divided into 04 different zones AHKMT conducted need base assessment in Mansehra from 6-7 oct 2011.during the assessment visit 03 different settlements and slums. Meeting with Supervisor Ms. Yasmeen Afridi is supervisor […]
September 17, 2011

Need Base Assessment Report (Replication of E-guard Model)

Summary Currently solid waste in Pakistan has not been carried out in a sufficient and proper manner in collection, transportation and disposal or dumping regardless of the size of the Major cities, Remote areas and small town facing more crucial situation. Therefore the environmental and sanitary conditions have become more serious year by year, and people are suffering from living such conditions. The scope of problems regarding solid waste management is very wide and involves the consideration of all the aspects relating to solid waste and its management, either directly or indirectly. These aspect may include rate of urbanization, pattern […]